Am 12. September 2019 ist die erste Ausgabe des Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR) erschienen. Der Bericht – mandatiert von den UN-Mitgliedern zur Überprüfung der Agenda 2030 – soll alle vier Jahre erscheinen und u.a. die in diesen Jahren stattfindenden SDG-Gipfel informieren. Er ergänzt die jährlich erscheinden SDG-Berichte des UN-Generalsekretärs, der primär auf den Indikatorenberichten zu den SDGs aufbaut.
Aus der Executive Summary
The Global Sustainable Development Report is distinct from, and complementary to, the annual Sustainable Development Goals progress report prepared by the Secretary-General, which tracks progress across goals and targets using indicators from the global indicator framework. It does not produce new evidence; rather it capitalizes on existing knowledge across disciplines, through an “assessment of assessments”. It highlights state-of-the-art knowledge for transformations towards sustainable development and identifies concrete areas where rapid, transformational change is possible. The Report is not only a product but also a process for advancing collaboration among actors in science, Government, the private sector and civil society in all regions of the world towards identifying and realizing concrete pathways for transformation driven by evidence.
The Report draws upon an extensive and diverse knowledge base, including numerous published articles in scholarly literature; and international assessments, like the Secretary-General’s Sustainable Development Goals progress report (2019), the Global Environment Outlook 6 (GEO-6) regional assessments (2019), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report (2018), [...] ; and comments on an earlier draft from United Nations Member States and accredited stakeholders.
The Global Sustainable Development Report was prepared by an independent group of scientists appointed by the Secretary-General, comprising 15 experts from various regions and representing a variety of scientific disciplines and institutions. The Group was supported by a task team comprising representatives from [UN-DESA; UNESCO; UNEP; UNDP; UNCTAD and the World Bank ...].
While benefiting from all inputs, the content of the report is the sole responsibility of the Independent Group of Scientists. The Group has addressed sustainable development as both a scientific and a normative concept, using it as a guide to analyse the problem and weigh the evidence, and, where needed, recommend policy-relevant solutions. For that purpose, the Report follows not just the letter but also the spirit of the 2030 Agenda, with the overarching goal of advancing human well-being in an equitable and just fashion, and ensuring that no one is left behind, while the natural systems that sustain us are safeguarded.
The Report uses the latest scientific assessments, evidence bases about good practices, and scenarios that link future trajectories to current actions to identify calls to action by a range of stakeholders that can accelerate progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Those actions derive from knowledge about the interconnections across individual Goals and targets, recognizing that the true transformative potential of the 2030 Agenda can be realized only through a systemic approach that helps identify and manage trade-offs while maximizing co-benefits.